Many countries all over the world are watching how blockchain technology evolve. And a lot of them (if not most) are already working on its application.
The main applications of blockchain in governments are:
- document verification
- different kinds of electronic ids
- supply chains
- medical records storage
- distributed electric grids
In this post I’m making an overview of using blockchain in different countries.
Starting June 2016 The Swedish Land Registry and ChromaWay company were working on the project of handling land registration and real estate transactions on the blockchain.
The first version was implemented using BitCoin colored-coins. ChromaWay is using their “hybrid” distributed database Postchain which focuses on the enterprise market. Postchain is essentially a relational replicated database which stores blockchain blocks. It supports business-logic (or ‘smart contracts’) as well using their own instrument Esplix. They’ve promised to open-source those instruments but after a year they still didn’t do that.
Consulting company Kairos Future that were also involved in the experiment estimated that that innovation could lead to more than 106 mln dollars saved due to digitizing of workflow, decrease in fraud and transactions speedup.
(Link to the ChromaWay report – https://chromaway.com/papers/Blockchain_Landregistry_Report_2017.pdf)
Georgian National Agency of Public Registry in 2016 partnered with BItfury Group to develop a system for registering land titles using the Blockchain. Bitfury uses Exonum blockchain which has an interesting concept of “anchoring” – storing fingerprints of the Exonum blockchain on the BitCoin blockchain thus making an attack on the Exonum less feasible.
Ukraine’s justice ministry partnered with BitFury to digitally auction seized assets.
At the end of 2017 Ukraine’s state service for cadastre announced that they’ve started to use blockchain.
BitFury also proposed Ukranian government to use their blockchain solution for voting.
Also there was an attempt to launch an electronic auction system “e-Auction3.0” for public sector actions but it seems that the project is not active anymore as latest info about the project is dated 2016 and project’s website is not updated since.
Estonia is well known for its electronic services for its citizens. Estonia states that in the backbone of many of those projects lies blockchain-powered technology KSI developed by Guardtime company.
KSI (keychain signature infrastructure) was built to replace PKI (public key infrastructure).
Projects that use KSI blockchain:
- e-Health – medical records system that was built in collaboration with Guardtime. Blockchain stores timestamp of every edit and who made it, as well as when some piece of data was accessed.
- e-Prescription, e-Law, e-Court, e-Police, e-Banking, e-Business Resiger, e-Land Registry
One more blockchain service used in Estonia is notary system for e-residents that was built with the help of BitNation.
The most well-known state for company registration Delaware in August 2017 permitted companies to store shareholders list on a blockchain. That will provide investors and regulators with secure way to check and validate companies’ documents.
The same state implemented public archive system that uses smart records to automate storage and deletion of documents according to the law.
US government is going to use blockchain to change public procurement system FASTlane.
Ngee Ann Polytechnic university is working with Attores company to issue diplomas on blockchain that will make verification of them much easier task.
Students will be able to attach their digital diploma certificates on their LinkedIn profiles.
Japan government plans to use blockchain in government procurement system. Till March 2018 they are testing blockchain solutions for that task.
Currently, Tokyo energic company Eneres is testing blockchain to use it for “smart electric grids”.
The British government is exploring using the blockchain technology that underpins the bitcoin currency to increase efficiency in the distribution of taxpayers’ money such as grants.
The system of unified accreditation of public procurement participants on all electronic platforms has been tested. The prototype is implemented on the basis of MultiChain – a system for creating private blockchains with customizable parameters.
Finnish government with MONI company introduced a way to help refugees get public services by providing them with prepaid Mastercard debit cards. Each card has a unique identifier in blockchain thus providing a way for banks and any social organization to identify a person.
In the city Zug they’ve authorities started providing electronic IDs that will be issued on the blockchain and verified by the city administration.